Turkey, Olbia Aqueduct
Olba, or, as it is also called, Olbia, is an ancient city located near the village of Uzunjaburch. It was founded in the III. BC er and over the centuries has grown and developed. Here appeared new public and residential buildings, various buildings. Some of them survived to our time, such as, for example, the dilapidated ancient Roman aqueduct – perhaps one of the main attractions of Olbia. It is located 4 km east of Diocesaria, a former Greek sanctuary, and then a full-fledged Roman city.
Aqueduct in Olbia built on the orders of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus in 199 year. The two-level structure was decorated with the inscription: “For the residents of Olba”. A significant restoration of the aqueduct took place in 566 during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.
Nowadays, only fragments of the aqueduct can be seen. Part of it is preserved to the west of the ruins of the local agora. The aqueduct was built to supply the inhabitants of Olbia with fresh water from the Limonlu River, also known as the Lamas River, which is now flowing near the village of Kyzylgechit. The water passed through specially created covered tunnels and channels to the aqueduct.
The height of the ancient aqueduct is 25 meters, length – 150 meters. It is laid over the gorge of Shaitan Deresi, which can be translated as Devil’s Valley. There were observation towers near the aqueduct. They were used to protect the structure from enemies that could damage the plumbing system and thus leave the city without water.