Turkey, Arched Gate
Side was once one of the most important ports of Pamphylia. It was founded by Greek colonists from the Eolithic in the VII century BC. Later, the Persians and the Lycians, the Seleucids, the rulers of Pergamum and Rome, and Alexander the Great ruled in Side. In the II-III centuries of our era, the city became rich on the slave trade, especially beautiful girls. This period is considered the stage of prosperity of Side. The most interesting and beautiful monuments were created in Side, when the city was ruled by the Roman Empire. Here the power of the Roman era and the greatness of its rulers are felt to this day.
Side begins behind the high city gates, which were erected in 71 BC as a sign of respect for the emperor Vespasian, as well as for his son and heir Titus. Vespasian ruled the city for seventy years, from 9 to 79 AD. The sculptural portrait of this emperor is kept in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
The height of the arched gate exceeds six meters, they are considered the main gate of the city. Over the years, the appearance of the gate has changed greatly and now they look different, but the walls are still there. Their appearance is quite interesting and original, although at present it is very difficult to assess – the gate was damaged quite badly. Despite its dilapidated state, the gate still amazes visitors with its grandeur and originality.
The main gate of the city is located between the two towers. Along the sides of the gate, on the walls, there are niches with arches, in which statues of noblemen and the emperor were located earlier. If you go through the gate, you can see the huge ancient square and enjoy the view of the beautiful fountain “Nymphaeum”.
Arched gates are located in the northern part of the city and lead to its historical part. The road leading from the gate is considered the main street of the old city.