Anemurium is an ancient city, the ruins of which are now called Eski-Anamur, located a few kilometers from the modern Turkish city of Anamur. Previously, Anemurium was part of the Roman province of Cilicia. Its remains can be seen on the high cape Anamur, located just 64 km from Cyprus.
According to historical evidence, Anemurium was built in the IX century BC. er presumably Assyrians. In the Hellenistic period, it was a rather prosperous city. In 52 AD er he was besieged by the army of the indigenous inhabitants of the area, but the Roman legions helped the city to survive. The coins that were minted in Anemurium and have survived to our days are dated 38-259 years. In 260, the city came under the authority of the Persian Sassanid dynasty. This event was the impetus for the further gradual decline of the once thriving settlement. People continued to live in it until the middle of the VII century, until Arabs settled on the island closest to the coast of Cyprus. Staying further in the city was dangerous, so its inhabitants simply left, leaving their homes.
The ruins of Anemurium were mentioned by Francis Beaufort, an English captain who explored Turkey’s southern coast from 1811-1812 and published his notes. The study of the ancient city began only in the late 60s of the last century.
The upper city is located on a cape and on three sides has natural protection in the form of steep cliffs. From the fourth it is fenced with a fortress wall with towers, which was built in the Middle Ages on the basis of ancient fortifications.
The lower town stretched to the north of the citadel for 1500 meters and was located between the sea, located in the east, and the aqueduct – in the west. Here you can see the vast necropolis, where about 350 burials survived, created in the I – IV centuries. n er
During the excavations of Anemurium, a large theater was discovered, a modest indoor Odeon, where artists performed, three capacious public baths and one small, whose floors were decorated with mosaics, four early Christian churches and the remains of the basilica.