Dougga – the ruins of an ancient city, which survived several ancient epochs, replacing each other. The city is about 4 hours drive from Hammamet and southeast of Carthage. According to historians, Dougga was built BC by the Berber tribe (translated from their language “dugga” means “pasture”). A few hundred years after its foundation, Dougga became the capital of the state of Numidians, whose ruler was Massinis.
In the II century BC, the city was captured by the Roman army. After the Romans, the city was subordinate to Byzantium. After the Roman Empire collapsed, the city was captured by vandals, severely destroying it. Therefore, the city was able to avoid restructuring and reach us in an almost unchanged form, unlike the major cities such as Carthage and Tunisia.
Most of the most outstanding buildings were erected in the period from the II century BC. III century AD The most famous of them is the theater (168 BC), which hosts international festivals in the summer. Mosaics on the floors and walls are preserved in the ruins of the Roman villas, and the foundations of fountains remained in the gardens and courtyards.
The columns of the temples of Saturn, Juno Celesta (the goddess Tanit in Punic mythology) have survived from Roman rule. Not far from the temple of Saturn is the Capitol.
There are two more temples on it – Jupiter (in Greek mythology of Zeus) and the goddess Minerva. Previously, this place was home to a statue of Jupiter, but it has hardly survived to this day, not counting the base stones.
Although the territory of Dugia has not yet been excavated, this place is already a UNESCO World Heritage Site.