Tunisia, Ancient Carthage
35 kilometers from the capital are the ruins of ancient Carthage, founded back in 814 BC. e., the capital of one of the great states of antiquity. Here was the center of the Phoenician mercantile empire, which included almost the entire Mediterranean, where trade routes across the Sahara and Western Asia converged, and the famous battles of the Punic Wars thundered here.
Most of the structures that have survived to our day date back to the 1st century, the Roman period, and during excavations of the Byrs’ hill, Phoenician buildings were discovered.
The exposition of the National Museum of Carthage is located in the building of a former monastery. Here you can see stone sarcophagi of the Roman and Punic periods, Roman mosaic panels, sculptures, as well as a collection of pottery, funerary vases and stone gravestones.
The archaeological park of the Roman villas occupies the eastern slope of the Odeon hill. Here you can see a Roman house of the 3rd century, called the House of the Lambman, because of a mosaic depicting birds. Nearby are fragments of the Odeon of the III century, built at Septimia Severus for the poetry contests, and the theater of the II century, where the international festival performances are now held.
Near the sea is the Archaeological Park term Antonina Pius. Here you can see small sarcophagi for the burial of children sacrificed to the god Baal; underground tanks, remains of houses with fragments of mosaics; the ruins of enormous terms built under the emperor Antonina.
From later eras remained the ruins of numerous Byzantine churches, the Cathedral of St. Louis (1890) in the back chapel of which the National Museum, the Cathedral of St. Cyprian and the Lavizhere Museum are located.