Sweden, Great burial mounds of Uppsala

Sweden, Great burial mounds of Uppsala

In the vicinity of Old Uppsala there is an amazing place called Great burial mounds. Low hills, covered with turf, do not produce a strong impression. There was a time, until the 1830s, when local scientists believed that these hills are of natural origin. In fact, as a result of the excavations conducted, it turned out that they were created manually in the 5th-6th centuries over the ashes of the Svej rulers.

There are many burial mounds – about 800. The largest burial grounds are now called the Eastern, Middle and Western burial mounds. The Swedes themselves for a long time were sure that the Scandinavian gods – Thor, Odin and Freyr are buried here. Then, for a time, the popular version was that the King of the Inling family was reassured.

During the studies of the Eastern Barrow, financed by the Swedish royal house, a container with burned bones was found. Nothing surprising – the rulers in ancient Scandinavia, and appropriately, Sweden, it was customary to burn with all the valuable property. Next to the burial were the remnants of bronze plates, of which there was a king’s helmet, several crystal cups, gold ornaments that were sewn on the belt, and other important historical artifacts.

26 years after the excavations of the Eastern Barrow, in 1873, began the archaeological exploration of the West Hill. In addition to the burnt human remains, skeletons of animals, weapons and uniforms were found here. The middle mound was not opened and remains so in our time. He is still waiting for his researchers.

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