Sri Lanka, Kandy National Museum

Sri Lanka, Kandy National Museum

The National Museum of Kandy is located next to the Temple of the Tooth of the Buddha, in part of the former royal palace of Kandy. Most of the exhibits are in the Palle Vahal building, which served as a home for the concubines of the king, and now there is a huge amount of royal relics, including thrones, scepters and ceremonial swords dating back to the 17th and 18th centuries. Another part of the exhibits is in the main building of the palace.

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Palle Vahala was used as a repository for historical artifacts made by the Kandy Art Association, established in 1832, and the artisans of Matala. The museum was opened to the public in 1942.

This museum, which once housed the royal harem, now has royal regalia and reminders of pre-European Sinhala life. Exhibits include weapons, jewelry, tools and other items from the era when Kandy was the capital and after the British colonial era. On the territory of the museum there is a statue of Sir Henry Ward of the former governor of Ceylon, which was originally found opposite the hotel of the Queen.

The auditorium, featuring high pillars supporting the roof, was the venue for the congress of Kandy leaders, in which in 1815 it was decided to cede the power of Britain. There is an agreement signed in 1815 on the transfer of the board by the province of Kandy of Great Britain. In this document, one of the main reasons for the transfer of the province is: “The cruelty and oppression of the ruler of Malabar, the arbitrary and unjust infliction of bodily torment, pain and death without trial and investigation, and sometimes without the charge or possibility of committing a crime, and in general contempt and violation all civil rights, have become blatant, huge and unbearable. ” Sri Vikrama Rajasinha declared: “Because of the failure to observe the traditions and sacred duty of the monarch, power in the province of Kandy was entrusted to the sovereign British Empire.”

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The National Museum, along with the archaeological museum, four temples and two monasteries together form one of the objects in the so-called cultural triangle of Sri Lanka (the tops of the triangle form the three ancient capitals: Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa).

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