Philippines, Pinatubo Volcano
Pinatubo Volcano is an active volcano located on Luzon Island, 87 km from Manila. The last time the volcano erupted in 1991, although it was previously considered extinct, because it had “slept” for more than 600 years. Before the eruption, its height was 1,745 meters, and today it is 1,486 meters.
In the 16th century, when the Spanish conquistadors appeared on Luzon, covered with dense forest, Pinatubo was a refuge for the hiding natives of the Aeth tribe.
In April 1991, scientists noticed the first signs of the approaching Pinatubo eruption – after the aftershocks, a column of vapor appeared over the top of the volcano. Immediately evacuated residents of all cities and towns located within a radius of 20 km. The first explosion occurred on June 12, raising a black ash cloud to a height of 19 km. The next explosion, more powerful, occurred 14 hours later. The largest eruption happened on June 15 – the wave height was 34 km, and the ejected ash covered a part of the sky area of 125 thousand square kilometers! The territory on this square for several hours plunged into darkness. Later, weaker eruptions occurred until June 17. As a result, about 900 people died, the Clark air base and the US naval base were destroyed. The eruption was recognized as one of the strongest in the 20th century – it received 6 points on the Richter scale.
An interesting fact: the former president of the Philippines, Ramon Magsaysay, a native of Zambales province, called his personal plane Pinatubo. In 1957, the plane crashed, which killed 25 people, including President Magsaysay himself.
Over the past 20 years, tremors regularly occur in the area of Pinatubo, due to which construction is impossible here. Scientists believe that the volcano will still show its temper, and the eruption may be much stronger than in 1991. However, today Pinatubo Volcano is one of the most popular mountain tourism sites in the Philippines. Numerous tours are organized here, where you can go on a raft on a crater lake and raft on a raft.
In the vicinity of the volcano is the village of Aeta, which is of ethnographic interest. And in the town of Kapas on the way to Pinatubo, you can visit the National Monument dedicated to the notorious Death March. There was a camp in which the Japanese during the Second World War contained thousands of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured after the Battle of Bataan. In this camp 2200 American and 27 thousand Filipino soldiers died. The memorial consists of a park of 54 hectares, part of which is planted with trees according to the number of the dead. In 2003, a 70-meter-high obelisk was erected in the park, surrounded by a black marble wall with the names of the buried military.