Philippines, Mount Apo
Mount Apo is a potentially active volcano located on the island of Mindanao, 40 km northeast of the city of Davao. The word “apo” in the language of the local population means “ancestor”. This is the highest point of the island and the whole country – 2954 meters. Geologically, the volcano consists of the ancient crater Pettil McKinley and the young stratovolcano Apo. In its crater with a diameter of 500 meters there is a small lake. The date of the last eruption of Apo is unknown.
Today, the volcano is one of the most popular places among climbers and climbers – the easiest way to the top takes about 2 days, the most difficult – from 7 to 9 days. And the first conqueror of Apo was Joaquin Rahal, the Spanish governor of Davao, who ascended the mountain on October 10, 1880. On the way to the summit, tourists pass by the Venado Lake, one of the country’s highest mountain lakes, the ancient crater and solfatara, fumaroles, from which sulfuric gases escape.
The whole mountain is included in the Mount Apo National Park, where on an area of 55 thousand hectares you can find evergreen dipterocarp forests with rare and endemic plant species. The park was created in 1936, and in 2004 two buffer zones of 2.5 and 6.5 thousand hectares were included in it. In 2009, the Department of the Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines submitted an application to include Mount Apo Park in the UNESCO World Heritage List as a center of endemism in Mindanao.
Three characteristic forest formations can be distinguished on the territory of the park – a floodplain tropical rain forest, a middle mountain forest and a high mountain forest, each of which differs in species composition. The birds alone in Mount Apo inhabit 272 species, of which 111 species are endemic. Here you can meet the world’s largest eagle – the Philippine, which is considered the national symbol of the Philippines.