Montenegro, Biograd mountain
The Biograd mountain is a unique natural reserve of Montenegro, which is still called the Princely Reserve. This is due to the fact that in 1878 Prince Nikola Petrovich appreciated the uniqueness and beauty of this place, ordering him to guard it. The territory was donated to him after Kolasin was released from the Turks. In 1952 the Biograd mountain was granted the status of a national park.
A reserve is located in the northeast of Kolasin, between the deep-water Tara and Lim rivers, in the center of the mountain range. Its total area is 54 sq.m, including 1600 hectares of virgin forest, six glacial lakes, as well as peaks and slopes of mountains. The highest point is the famous mountain Črna-Chapa, it is at the level of 2139 meters.
Primordial forest grows at various altitudes above sea level (850-1800 m). To date, scientists have identified 86 species of trees growing in the reserve. Some species reach the age of more than a thousand years, and the width in the girth is up to one and a half meters. Among hardwoods in the park there are beeches, maples, lindens. Coniferous tree species are represented by juniper, fir and pine mountain. Also there may be elms and yew.
Flora and fauna of the Biograd mountain is striking in its variety: more than 2000 thousand species of animals, as well as more than 200 species of birds. Among other things, the reserve is home to various insects, amphibians, reptiles and fish.
Among the broad meadows of the reserve are scattered katuny – this pasture with small shepherds’ huts and pens especially for cattle. In addition, there you can see other traditional buildings, such as water mills, log huts, and special mountain huts called “savardakes”.
With regard to water bodies, the largest in the park is Biogradskoe Lake, which is located at an altitude of 1,094 meters above sea level. In depth this glacial lake reaches 12.1 meters.
In the river Tara and Biogradsk lake there is a huge number of different types of fish, including: minnow, brown trout, Arctic char, Danubian salmon and European grayling.
Another lake, which in size follows Biogradsky is Lake Pecica. In addition, it is worthwhile to see other lakes of the reserve: Small and Large Ursulovac, Small and Large Siskies.