Japan, Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji, which Europeans mistakenly call Fujiyama, has a respectful name Fuji-san in Japan.
The mountain is a sacred place for many Japanese, at its summit there is a Shinto sanctuary, which owns a fairly large part of Fuji – a territory from a level of 3,350 meters to the very top of the mountain. For comparison: the state controls here only a weather station, also located on the top, and hiking trails. The government tried to seize the right of possession for a whole 17 years, but without success.
Also do not forget that Fuji – this is the current stratovolcano, although not very active at the moment: it erupted for the last time in 1707-1708, and this was its strongest eruption. In general, since 781 years, Fuji erupted 12 times. The height of the volcano is 3,776 meters, and it is the highest point in Japan. In clear weather, the volcano can be seen from a distance of up to 90 kilometers. Approximately at this distance is Fuji in relation to Tokyo.
According to seismologists, volcanic activity in this place began many hundreds of thousands of years ago. As a result of the first eruptions, the volcano Komitake first appeared, but before it there was restlessness. Subsequent eruptions formed the “old Fuji”, which lies at the base of the “young Fuji”, which appeared more than 10 thousand years ago. In Japanese mythology about the formation of Fuji there is another opinion: ostensibly the mountain appeared from the earth, thrown from the place where in 286 BC. appeared the largest in Japan freshwater lake Biwa. Fuji has always been considered the habitat of the gods, the gates to the underworld, and also one of the earth’s axes.
Pilgrims and tourists still want to climb to the top of Fuji. This possibility exists only in the summer when there is no snow on the top. In the era of Edo, about 800 organizations throughout Japan were engaged in the organization of such ascents. If in the Middle Ages the mountain had to be conquered on foot, then today part of the way can be done by bus – to the level of 2300 meters, and then still have to walk.
In July and August on the slopes of Fuji there are rescuers, mountain huts Yamagoya, where you can buy provisions and spend the night. On the north side up to the fifth level (2300 meters) there are also restaurants and parking.
The area surrounding the mountain is part of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Here is the resort “Five Lakes Fuji”.