France, Mobuisson Abbey

France, Mobuisson Abbey

The history of the Abbey of Mobyusson is associated with the two queens of France. One of them, Blanche of Castile, made a decision on its foundation, and the other, Blanche of Burgundy, was sent here for her adultery. The punishment for treason was very harsh: Blanche of Burgundy, who had betrayed her husband Charles IV, was punished by the presence of her lover’s execution, served a jail sentence and lost her mind. She died at the age of 30, and spent only a few months as a queen. Both Blanche were buried in the abbey’s crypt, but the graves were destroyed during the Great French Revolution.

The abbey was founded in the first half of the 13th century on the banks of the river Oise, near the city of Pontoise, in the castle of which the king stayed with his wife and retinue. Currently, Pontoise is a suburb of Paris, and the abbey is a popular venue for exhibitions and cultural events.

The abbey received the name of Our Lady of the Royals (Notre-Dame de Roiyal), but it was soon enough established by the unofficial name of Mobuisson. It is associated with the name of the local forests in which the robbers hunted. It is possible that the Queen’s intention to build a monastery in this place was motivated by the desire to save the Ponto-Azass forest and the inhabitants of the city and surrounding villages from the robbers.

Mobyusson Monastery was the abode of women and belonged to the Cistercian Order. The first nuns settled in it in 1241. The monastery survived the centenary war relatively well, but religious wars caused him serious damage. However, the real decline began only in the XVIII century, when the number of nuns decreased several times. The monastery was closed even before the start of the revolution, and after it was used both as a hospital and as a farm, at the same time “providing” the local people with building materials.

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The intervention of the state saved him from the final decline, it acquired the remains of the abbey in 1979 and restored them. Only a few buildings have survived from the monastery, mainly economic ones. One of the notable buildings is the monastery lavatories, which are preserved in only two monasteries (Mobuisson and Royomon) and to which, in the 13th century, sewage was connected.

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