Estonia, Botanical Garden of the University of Tartu
The Botanical Garden was founded in 1803 by Professor GA German. He was also his first administrator. The main gardener IA Veynmann was engaged in construction work and the layout of the garden. In 1811 the professor of natural sciences KF Ledebour was elected director of the botanical garden, he conscientiously fulfilled his duties for 25 years. Thanks to his efforts and enthusiasm, the garden grew and today it reached a size of 3.5 hectares. Memorial plates, as well as monuments in the park keep the memory of famous botanists working for the benefit of the Botanical Garden.
In front of the greenhouses is the plant taxonomy department, created in 1870. This collection helps students to comprehend the basics of botany, and for plant enthusiasts there is an excellent opportunity to get acquainted with rare species.
To the right of the main entrance there is a garden of monocots, in which the plants are located according to the principle of their region of origin. The collection contains about 300 species of monocotyledonous plants, including many bulbous and tuberous plants blooming in spring and early summer.
Botanical Garden of the University of Tartu
Dandelion plants were planted in front of the palm greenhouse by the botanist Adolphe Engler system. For this universally-recognized system, which is used by many botanical gardens to this day, it is characteristic that plants are represented along the line of their evolution. In this collection about 800 species of plants. Both annuals and biennial cultures are represented here. Among the presented dicotyledons, you can see such unfamiliar for Estonia cultural plants, such as lentils, artichoke, buckwheat, flax, tobacco and others.
The park of the botanical garden occupies most of it. It is divided into 3 divisions: European, North American and East Asian. The most “thick” maple of Estonia is a valuable exhibit of the European part of the park. In the East Asian department grows old hazel, as well as Amur velvet and various kinds of maple. Under the tree crops grow herbaceous plants of the same natural area. The Minneot grove in the North American part of the park was created on the same principle.
In the park there is a collection of perennial ornamental plants
On the southern slope grow such plants rare for Estonia, as ginkgo bilobate and lyric dendron tulip. Behind the fortress wall is a collection of irises, represented by more than 60 varieties. In the other half of the garden is a large, consisting of 250 varieties, a collection of peonies. This garden of peonies, blooming from the middle of June to the end of July, was created in 2004.
From the side of the Emajõgi River, a garden of clematis grows, blossoming from the end of July until the frosts. The color range of the collection varies from white to dark red. The species diversity of the flower beds changes annually. Every year the flower beds try to decorate with new and more rare plant species. The largest flowerbed is on the left side of the palm greenhouse. In the center of the garden in the hollow and on the slopes of the former bastion of St. George there is a rock garden. Most of the plants come from the upper boundary of the forest belt and the Alpine mountain meadows.
In the eastern corner of the garden there is a rose garden, in which about 250 kinds of roses grow. This corner of the garden during the mass flowering of roses attracts visitors with its bright and diverse palette of colors, and also beckons with a wonderful bouquet of aromas. In the western part of the botanical garden there are plants of the Estonian flora.
In the palm greenhouse, 58 species of palm trees grow
The oldest is the 90-year-old Canarian date palm. The highest is the Washington threadlike, whose height is 20 meters. In the right corner grow bananas, under them there is a pool in which fish and water turtles swim. In addition, a wavy parrot, nymph and Senegalese live in the greenhouse.
The subtropical greenhouse collects plants from all the continents of the subtropical belt. There are plants from Australia, Africa, New Zealand, Japan, America and other countries. In the tropical greenhouse are mainly plants brought from America
In the succulent greenhouse occupying an area of 100 square meters, there are approximately 600 plant species. Here you can see different types of aloe, eonium and fatty. Also grow plants from the family of cactus and agave. The oldest and largest cactus of the greenhouse is the Echinocactus of Crowna, called in the people “a mother-in-law armchair”.