Chile, the Archipelago of Juan Fernandez
The island archipelago of Juan Fernandez is located in the Pacific Ocean, 670 km from the coast of Chile. Spaniard Juan Fernandez first discovered these islands at the end of 1574. They were called Mas-a-Fuera, Mats-a-Tierra and Santa Clara. In 1966, the first two islands were renamed Alejandro-Selkirk and Robinson Crusoe, respectively.
The island of Robinson Crusoe became habitable in 1877. The local population of the island is about 640 people. Almost all live in the capital of San Juan Bautista and on the coast of the northern part of the island, in the Bay of Cumberland – they are engaged in the marine industry and serve tourists.
On the island of Santa Clara, 20 fishermen live during the fishing season of lobster fishing from October to May.
Archipelago Juan-Fernandez visits few tourists, tk. You can get to the island only by air, waiting for its full load of 10 people. The airport is not here, only the runway that is on the peninsula of Punta-Truenos, and from there you have to sail on a small ship to San Juan Bautista for about two hours, or to sail to an island on a ship that pushes once a month, or cruise liner.
But this incredible and impressive trip is worth it if you are engaged in ecotourism or diving and for you comfort is not at the very first place. You can swim on the excursion boat for fishing, catch tuna, sea bass, lobster and horse mackerel. You can climb to the tops of the island of Mirador de Selkirk or Sero-El-Junk in height of 915 m to view the impressive landscapes around. You will see a very contrasting landscape: a deserted beach and bright emerald slopes, where impenetrable vines, tall trees, ferns and all kinds of shrubs grow. These islands are inhabited by goats, which were named after the archipelago – goats Juan Fernandez. Previously, this subspecies of goats was domestic, and eventually became wild.
Currently, the archipelago of Juan Fernandez is a biosphere reserve and is protected by UNESCO.